Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Clinical ophthalmology is the branch of science which deals with eye physiology, eye diseases and treatment modalities. Clinical ophthalmology perform diagnose and operates on eyes, by clinical techniques a multitude of diseases and conditions can be diagnosed from the eye.It is  the  journal made for the research in this field of ophthalmology to worldwide audience. Developments techniques are important  for research community. The journal give special importance  to publication of conceptual breakthroughs in the field of ophthalmology. It emphasis the novel discoveries to treat disorders of eyes such as glaucoma, cornea, cataracts, ocular oncology, uveitis, lasik, refractive and ophthalmic surgery.

This journal bound a wide area of knowledge in important parts such as retina, ocular plastics, pediatric ophthalmology, vitreo-retinal surgery, retinal ophthalmology, myopia, amblyopia (lazy eye), burning eyes, clinical trials Related to eye diseases ,color blindness, cornea transplant, dry eye infographic, dry eye syndrome, eye allergies, eye herpes, eye twitching, floaters, flashes and spots , Fuchs' corneal dystrophy, keratoconus, macular dystrophy, ocular hypertension, ocular migraine, peripheral vision loss, red eyes etc

                  Cataract is a disease  that  makes  clouding of the lens in the eye that lies behind the iris and pupil, which leads to a decrease in vision.  Those are the most common cause of the vision loss in the people over the age in between 35-40They  often develop slowly and can affect single or both eyes. Cataract symptoms may include faded colors and blurry vision, halos around light, trouble with bright lights, trouble in seeing at night. This leads to difficult in driving, reading, or recognizing faces. Poor vision caused by this disease may also result in increased risk of falling and depression. They are the cause of half of blindness.

Cataract surgery : 

          when the eyes lenses get the opportunity to be shady, Cataract evacuation is for the most part supported and in this way Cataract surgery like Cryo-extraction is performed. In Cataract surgery, the lens inside the eye that has wound up shady is removed and supplanted with a mimicked lens (called an intraocular lens, or IOL) to restore clear vision. The system routinely is performed on an outpatient start and does not require an overnight stay in a center or other thought office. Most present Cataract surgery integrates the usage of a high-repeat ultrasound device that segregates the cloudy lens into minute pieces, which are then carefully removed from the eye with suction. The up and coming Refractive Surgery Conference may likewise concentrate on Cataract surgery as this is the most broadly recognized eye sickness everywhere throughout the world.

  • Track 2-1 Different types of cataracts.
  • Track 2-2 Signs and symptoms
  • Track 2-3 Causes of cataracts
  • Track 2-4 Diagnosis treatment
  • Track 2-5 Preoperative evaluation.
  • Track 2-6Operation procedure.

Glaucoma  is a disease related to the eye. This disease can cause disorder to the eye which causes damage to the optic nerve that carries the particular information from eye to our brain. This disease have no symptoms in our early age ,if we find problems with our sight, then its clearly states the vison loss has already occurred and it is in high stage may be its difficult to stop until we undergo with the treatment.

This glaucoma is usually known as “THE SILENT THIEF OF SIGHT”, Because it doesn’t causes any pain and no symptom will be seen until we are at high risk regarding the loss of vison. Up to that this glaucoma stays undetected  till the optic nerve causes damage.

As per mostly seen cases this disease  is mostly associated with higher pressure than normal pressure inside our eye. The higher pressure is known as “OCULAR HYPERTENSION”, and the normal pressure is known as “INTRA OCULAR PRESSURE”. There is still chances to get them treated if symptoms has seen, otherwise it may lead to blindness  or visual field loss.

  • TYPES OF GLAUCOMA
  1. Primary open angle glaucoma
  2. Acute angle closure glaucoma.
  3. Normal tension glaucoma
  4. pigmentary glaucoma
  5. Secondary glaucoma
  6. Congenital glaucoma
  • Track 3-1Diagnosis, Screening And Tests For Glaucoma.
  • Track 3-2Glaucoma treatments.
  • Track 3-3 Prevention of glaucoma.
  • Track 3-4 Laser Trabeculoplasty surgery.
  • Track 3-5Shunts And Implants For Glaucoma.
  • Track 3-6Non-penetrating Glaucoma Surgery (NPGS).
  • Track 3-7The Future Of Glaucoma Treatment.

ACANTHAMOEBA KERATITIS  this is a unseen disease which the amoeba can occur at the corner of the eye which results the permanent loss of visual on eyes.  Its mostly can causes with the contact lensesThey should be properly dis-infected before we wear it. While swimming or in cases of surfing it should be removed. there are many cases regarding to ACANTHAMOEBA ,who doesn’t wear contact lenses.This disease can cause by a free living amoeba its called as single celled living organism. They can find in soil, dust, water sources. It can often be cured without any long-term complications.

  • Track 4-1Diagnosis, Screening And Tests For Glaucoma.
  • Track 4-2Diagnosis on Acanthamoeba.
  • Track 4-3Keratoplasty treatment.
  • Track 4-4polyhexamethylene biguanide treatment.

Amblyopia is usually known as “LAZY EYE”. This amblyopia  condition can be noted by reduced vision and  its cannot correctable by glasses or contact lenses nor any eye disease. The brain for some similar reasons, does not fully acknowledge the images seen by the lazy eye.. This affects to only one single eye but it may manifest the reduction of our eye vision in both. it states  that  3% of children under six years will have some form of amblyopia. There are two regions in the eye, cornea and lens, which helps us in focusing on images. In a normal healthy eye, both these focusing features have a completely smooth curvature.  There is a similar disease  known as “STRABISMUS”. This  is also called as crossed eyes. Strabismus  is a condition in which the eyes do not properly align with each other when looking at an object. The condition may be present occasionally. If it present during a large part of childhood, it may result in AMBLYOPIA or loss of depth perception.  If ir present  during adulthood, it can be result in double vision.

This amblyopia can also b treated by patching. Its very effective way of treating amblyopia. It allows the weaker eye to get stronger. By closing one eye by wearing the patch and making the other eye (lazy eye) to focus on the things.  As we shown in the fig.2 , the child is wearing a patch on the normal eye. As its is hard to make the young children waring patch ,it needs lot of support from parents.

 

  • Different types of amblyopia.
  • Different types of patches. 
  • Vision screening .
  • Treatment.
  • Case report : In some of the cases, treatment for amblyopia may not succeed in substantially improving vision. It is hard to decide to stop treatment, but sometimes it is best for both the child and the family.

In most cases loss of vision from amblyopia can be prevented or successfully treated if started early enough and if the degree of amblyopia is not extreme

  • Track 5-1Different types of amblyopia.
  • Track 5-2Different types of patches
  • Track 5-3Vision screening.
  • Track 5-4Treatment on Amblyopia.

Astigmatism is called as refractive error which states that our eye will not focus light on the retina. This can be result to blurred vision at all distances. Astigmatism symptoms can include eye strain, headache and trouble in driving at night. If it occurs in early life  it can result to amblyopia, which is also known as LAZY EYE.

           The cause of this disease is unclear, related to genetic factors. The unseen mechanism involves an irregular curvature of the cornea in the lens of the eye. This can be diagnosed by the eye exam. The treatment for this amblyopia can be done in three ways “GLASSES,CONTACTLENS, SUGERY”. GLASSES are the simplest treatment for it. CONTACT LENSES can provide the wider space  for vison,  whereas refractive surgery will permanently changes the shape of the eye.

  • Track 6-1Signs and symptoms.
  • Track 6-2types of Astigmatism.
  • Track 6-3Diagnosis treatment on astigmatism.
  • Track 6-4Refractive Surgery for Astigmatism
  • Track 6-5Prevention of astigmatism.

CORNEAL ULCER is an disease with open sore or epithelial defect with underlying inflammation on the cornea, which is the clear structure in the front of the eye. The cornea overlies the iris the colored part of the eye. And this is separated from the iris by the fluid in the anterior chamber of the eye. It looks like gray to white opaque or translucent area on the normally clear and transparent cornea. Most corneal ulcer Infections are preventable.

         Similarly there are variety of causes of corneal ulcers, including infection, physical and chemical trauma .Most corneal ulcers are caused by infections.  The infections that cause corneal ulcers and are common in contact lens wearers. Bacteria can directly invade the cornea if the corneal surface has been spoiled. Symptoms of corneal ulcers include: redness of the eye, severe pain and soreness of the eye, the feeling of having something in your eye, tearing ,pus or other discharge ,blurred vision, sensitivity to light, swelling of the eyelids ,a white spot on your cornea that you may or may not be able to see when looking in the mirror.

  • Track 7-1Types of corneal Ulcers.
  • Track 7-2Evaluation And Treatment Of Corneal Ulcers.
  • Track 7-3prognosis of a corneal ulcer.
  • Track 7-4Superficial and deep corneal ulcers.
  • Track 7-5Refractory corneal ulcers
  • Track 7-6Corneal healing.
  • Track 7-7Refractory ulcers.
  • Track 7-8Diagnosis on corneal Ulcers.

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Retinitis is a disease which is related infection to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) that causes blindness. It is a serious viral eye infection of the retina. Retina is the light-sensing nerve layer that lines the back of our eye .This CMV is a full thickness retinal infection that can lead to retinal breaks and detachments.

                             It is mostly found in people with weakened immune systems  such as “Newborn babies ,the elderly, those undergoing chemotherapy , recipients of organ transplants”. This CMV symptoms seems like  floaters, flashes (photopia’s), blind spots (scotomata). Pain and photophobia are uncommon.

  • Track 8-1Risk Factors on CMV
  • Track 8-2Primary prevention
  • Track 8-3Diagnosis on CMV
  • Track 8-4Physical examination
  • Track 8-5Retinal Zones of CMV retinitis
  • Track 8-6Retinal Zones of CMV retinitis
  • Track 8-7Differential diagnosis
  • Track 8-8General treatment
  • Track 8-9General treatment
  • Track 8-10Surgery
  • Track 8-11Prognosis

Macular dystrophy is (very rare) unseen genetic disease that causes vision loss that effects to the back of our eye, it leads to the cell damage in the Area called MACULA, that controls how u see and what is  in front of us. This can be caused by the pigment that builds macula’s cells. This substance can damage cells that plays role in a clear central vision. Our sight gets blurry and warped but our peripheral vision is not harmed. so, totally we won’t be blind.

This disease can affect in two types of ages childhood and mid-adulthood. In childhood it causes the different loss of the amount, where as in mid-adult hood vision loss will slowly get worse. It can also passes from parents to children through genes.

  • Track 9-1Macular Dystrophy Types.
  • Track 9-2Treating Macular Dystrophy.
  • Track 9-3Diagnosing Macular Dystrophy.
  • Track 9-4Prevention of Macular Dystrophy.

uveitis means the inflammation of the uvea. It occurs when the middle layer of the eye ball gets red and swollen. Imagine eye as a hollow ball, the innermost lining layer is the retina, which senses light and helps to send images to your brain and outermost layer is the sclera, the strong white wall of the eye.

It has the many blood vessels that nourish our eye and also those blood vessels that carries oxygen to and from the eye.. It can damage our vital eye tissue, leading to permanent vision loss. it requires an urgent referral and treatment through ophthalmologist to control the inflammation.

  • Track 10-1types of uveitis .
  • Track 10-2symptoms and signs.
  • Track 10-3causes of uveitis.
  • Track 10-4diagnosis of uveitis
  • Track 10-5treatment for uveitis.
  • Track 10-6complications that can occur with uveitis.

Black eye can occur when we got a injury bruising around the eye or on the face. it cause swelling and dark bruising in the tissue. Then the blood collects other fluids around the eye in the space.Black eye states the sign of the serious injury around the eye. This can be heal in few days , if its not cured by the time it may cause damage to the eye or the eye sight

Black eye can be seen in many cases like if we got hit on eye or nose. if we got hit on the nose then both eyes may leads to swell because of the buildup of fluid in the loose skin beneath the eyes.

  • Track 11-1Black eye diagnosis.
  • Track 11-2Prevention of black eye.
  • Track 11-3Black eye treatment.
  • Track 11-4Bilberry extract.

Eyes affected by cataract might one day be cured with drops instead of surgery, another creature study proposes. In Today’s generation , surgery is the foremost method for treating cataract, the main source of visual impairment on this earth. Specialists eliminate shady lenses and supplant them with simulated lenses. However, analysts have found that a natural compound called lanosterol can improve vision by solving the clustered proteins that frame cataract. An affirmed and viable treatment for the condition is surgery which incorporates supplanting the impeded lens or the obfuscated lens with another one made of plastic. In situations where these substitutions can't totally cure the condition, the vision is then redressed by utilizing spectacles and contact lenses. Aside from the surgery and utilization of contact lenses there are a limited medication that can be applied to treat cataract and enhance the vision.

Vision insurance means it is the term commonly used to explain the plans that reduce the cost of everything related to the eye. Such as eye exams, glasses, contact lenses, etc., in most cases, costs associated with these eye-related drugs, services and products are shielded instead by stand-alone vision plans that are more precisely described as annual wellness benefits or discount plans. 

                Vision insurance and plans can significantly lower your charge of eye care  drugs , devices  and prescription eyewear . An exemption to this is cataract surgery and other medically necessary eye surgery, which typically is covered by major medical and health insurance plans .Other elective vision correction surgeries like lasik surgery are excluded from medical insurance plans, but discounts for these procedures may be included in vision and wellness plans.

 

Ophthalmologists are doctors who spend substantial time in doing treatment and detecting sicknesses of the eye. Such issues can incorporate maladies like cataracts or glaucoma; wounds; and issues with vision, like farsightedness. American Academy of Ophthalmology have renowned and expertise ophthalmologists have more particular preparing in the eye than family specialists and, in opposition to optometrists, have finished therapeutic school and know about general medication. On account of this preparation, ophthalmologists frequently get referrals of patients with genuine eye issue from optometrists and family doctors. Coursework in a therapeutic school program incorporates general wellbeing concentrates, for example, life structures and physiology.

To encourage the forthcoming ophthalmologists, Refractive Surgery 2018 Conference has an exceptional session on ophthalmologists' vocation and preparing.